Lesson 172-February 3, 2019
Lesson: “No Check Baggage-Travel Light and Trust God”
Scripture: Matthew 10:1-42, Mark 6:7-11, and Luke 9:1-5
Lesson Goal: To better understand Jesus’ specific instructions to the Apostles on their first training mis- sion.
Introduction: “He called twelve men to become His apprentice soldiers in the war on evil and gave them ample opportunity to watch and learn. The apostles-in-training assisted, but up until now, the Lord had done all the ministering. The Twelve brought people to be healed, and Jesus touched their diseased or distorted bodies. The Twelve took care of Jesus’ physical needs and arranged the details of His travel so He could con- centrate on teaching. The Twelve observed, listened, questioned, and learned, but Jesus instructed. The Twelve helped contain demonized individuals but Jesus cast out the spirits. All that would change. The time had come for His trainees to put their learning into practice. It was time for the Twelve to enter the battle, firsthand.” Charles Swindoll
Matthew, Mark, and Luke write concerning these instructions and events in the life of Jesus and the Twelve. Matthew offers the most detailed account.
Please read Matthew 10:1-42, Mark 6:7-11, and Luke 9:1-5.
Each of these gospel writers began their account with the fact that Jesus called the twelve together and com- missioned them for the task. See Matthew 10:1, Mark 6:7, and Luke 9:1.
(Luke 9:1) Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases.
Luke specifically tells us that He (Jesus) gave (delegated) to them “power” and “authority.” At first glance these two words may seem in many ways the same. Both terms sound much the same, “power” and “authority”, but they are different.
Question: How are these words “power” and “authority” different in their meaning? Can you give an illustra- tion of this difference?
The word “power” is the Greek word “dynamis.” Power is the divine ability to accomplish what is viewed or seen as impossible. See Luke 4:14, 36, 5:17, 6:19, and 8:46. The word “authority” is the Greek word “exousia,” a mandate from the Lord to carry out the mission that they have been assigned.
Please explain this quote from Arthur Pink: “Every Person who is divinely called to the ministry is divinely equipped.”
Please read Mark 6:7. “And He called the twelve to Himself and began to send them out two by two.”
Question: Why did Jesus send them out “two by two?” Please offer your own insight in your answer.
“Jesus sends them out as teams for several reasons. First, it is safer and wiser. Lone Rangers are easy targets of the evil one. As Ecclesiastes 4:9 says, “two are better than one.” Also, the law required two witnesses to verify a matter (Deuteronomy 17:6, 19:15; II Corinthians 13:1). This was in keeping with a cultural norm for that day.” David Akin
Mark 6:7 “to send” This is the Greek word “apostello” which is used often times to mean an “official, author- ized mission.” Brooks
The Life Application Bible Commentary offers an interesting insight. “Jesus sent them out to witness. He did not issue an invitation to come to a meeting. Our churches should do more to go out to those needing to hear. For us to do so would require us to sacrifice the comfort and security that we have in church.”
Question: What do we do as a Life Focus Class, as a church, and as a family, to take the message and “go out” to those needing to hear?
Matthew 10:8-16, Mark 6:8-11, and Luke 9:3-5. Please read these verses and in your own words write and offer the instructions that were given by Jesus to the apostles in a summary form.
Question: What were their (apostles) instructions?
Question: What are credentials?
Question: Did the apostles have a formal written document or written certificate of accreditation? Did they have a formal written license to establish the validity of their credentials?
Question: What were the Apostles’ credentials? Please see Luke 9:1, Mark 6:7, and Matthew 10:8.
Question: Please read I Corinthians 1:22. How does this verse relate to Luke 9:1, Mark 6:7, and Matthew 10:8?
Mark 6:8-9 Luke 9:3, and Matthew 10:9-10.
Question: What are some conclusions that can be drawn from the instructions concerning what to take on this mission? Why?
The instructions Jesus gave implied three very specific points concerning the first training mission by the apos- tles:
- The urgency of the task.
- The temporary nature of this specific mission.
- The dependency upon God.
The disciples were sent out by Jesus and then expected to bring Him a full report of the mission. They were to travel light, go immediately, taking few supplies. They were told not to take extra sandals or staff.
Basically they were told to only take the clothes on their back.
This first ministry training was very specific in nature teaching the apostles some very basic essentials of min- istry. This first ministry assignment was designed for a very specific purpose and was not to become the norm for all ministry assignments.
Please read Luke 22:35-36. “The very stringent rules the Lord enforced during this first training mission taught the apostles to trust and see the Lord provide.” MacArthur
Matthew 10:11, Mark 6:7, and Luke 9:4. The apostles were dependent on God. The disciples would also de- pend on the hospitality of the people. The ancient culture of this day was that every household should offer “hospitality as a sacred duty.” Swindoll
Matthew 10:14, Mark 6:11, and Luke 9:5. Jesus also prepared the apostles for a real world and the inevitable. Some people would reject them and their message just as some had rejected Jesus and His message. See Mark 5:17 and Mark 6:3.
“Shaking off the dust from your feet” was a statement for something very serious and important. The act of shaking the dust off symbolized a complete break or disengagement. It symbolized a complete separation. The shaking off of the dust represented the truth that the apostles had faithfully done their part as assigned by Jesus but the people refused to believe and rejected the message and ministry.
By this symbolism and statement, Jesus made it clear that each individual is responsible for what they do with the message of God. The apostles were to be faithful in carrying out their mission assignment but they were
not responsible for what the people did with the message. If the people refused to accept and believe the mes- sage brought by the disciples it was no fault of theirs.
The apostles had the responsibility to share clearly and faithfully the message of Jesus but each individual hearer of the message would be responsible and accountable for their own response and actions to the mes- sage.
Rejection did not lie with the messengers or the message, it rested upon the hearts of the hearers.