Lesson 171-January 27, 2019
Lesson Title: “Am I Called to Tell Others”
Scripture: Matthew 10: 1-41, Key passages verses 2-6
Lesson Goal: To better understand the commission of the twelve Apostles and how that commission now includes me (follower of Jesus Christ).
Introduction: “At the end of Matthew 9, Jesus told His disciples to pray the ‘Lord of the harvest’ would send out workers into the field. Here in chapter 10, He called His disciples into His office, so to speak, and informed them that they were His personal representatives. He gave them authority. They were to act in His name and speak His message. Just as soldiers have an authority derived from a higher authority, Kingdom servants, as the King’s personal representatives on earth, have authority delegated from the highest authority of all. We will see in this passage how the King intended His disciples to use such power.” Stuart Weber
Before we continue our study in our exegetical expositional format verse by verse, let me borrow again from Stuart Weber. From a practical and important point of view we would do well to remember. “These would be the twelve men (apostles) on whom the future success of Jesus’ world impact would rest. They were the foun- dation of the church (Ephesians 2:20). Recall the archetypical ‘hero story’ we have often heard, in which the future of an entire group rest in the hands of a small number of dubiously qualified individuals. This is the real life crisis we see in the story of the human race and God’s plan of redemption. All heaven must have held its collective breathe.”
In the words of Hershel Hobbs, “Jesus had been teaching the Twelve to prepare them for a greater role in the ministry of the Kingdom. Now the time had arrived when they should be sent on a preaching tour about Gali- lee. It was a noble experiment in learning by doing.”
(v1) He called-Greek verb “proskaleo”-”Kaleo” means to all , with the prefix “pros” meaning “to” or “face to face.”
Following the calling and empowerment of verse 1, Matthew offers a list of the names of the twelve apostle in vv2-4. In todays lesson I want us to remember and recognize these apostles.
Question: Can you name the twelve apostles/disciples?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
Peter (Simon), “Simon who is called Peter” was the leader of this group. Peter was very impulsive, a true re- actionist, a man of action, a raw natural leader. Peter was a man that like to be in the middle of the action. During his years with Jesus, no doubt Jesus was at work chiseling Peter into the leader he would become.
Most of us have heard the report from tradition of Peter’s cruel death as a follower of Jesus Christ but let me offer you something very interesting from the church historian Eusebius. It was reported that before Peter himself was crucified, he was forced to watch and witness the crucifixion of his wife. In his “Ecclesiastical History”, Eusebius writes that Peter stood at the foot of his wife’s cross and kept repeating to her, “Remember the Lord, Remember the Lord!” After she had died, it is said he pleaded to be crucified upside down, because he was unworthy to die as his Lord had died.
Please read Peter’s own words summarizing his life, II Peter 3:18.
Following Peter’s name in Matthew 10:2, we see the three men that composed Jesus’ inner circle of four. Each of these were just ordinary men called to follow and serve Jesus.
Question: Why did Jesus have His inner circle of disciple?
Question: Do you think Jesus was ever accused of playing favorites or showing partiality?
Question: How did Peter and John differ in personality traits? How did these very different traits compliment each other? (Hint: might scan the first few chapters of Acts).
The second grouping of disciples begins with Philip. Again remember this is not the Philip of the book of Acts (the deacon and evangelist).
The final group offered by Matthew begins with James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddeus, Simon the Zealot. Lit- tle is know about these men other than that which is given and inferred by their names or is offered by church tradition.
Matthew closes the naming of the twelve by stating in verse 4, “and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.” Forty verses in the New Testament mention the betrayal of Jesus and each of them is a reminder of Judas’ in- credible sin. After the description of his death and his replacement among the twelve in Acts 1, his name is never again mentioned in Scripture” MacArthur.
It has been said…. Still as of old
Man by himself is priced
For thirty pieces of silver Judas sold himself, not Christ.
(v5) These twelve men Jesus sent out with a direct commission. They were to take the news of the Kingdom to Israel, to the Jews. This indeed was the historical pattern to be followed. Please read John 4:22. These twelve apostles were to do just as John the Baptist had done, (Matthew 3:2) and just as Jesus had done, (Matthew 4:17). But Israel continues to reject the message.
Question: How did the Lord’s commissioning to the twelve of Matthew 10 differ from Hiss commissioning to the eleven ( and to us) in Matthew 28: 16-20?
The early message of the New Testament was centered around the truth “the Kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Our message is a gospel message (Good News message) that Christ has come, He suffered, He died for our sins, He was buried, and He is risen from the dead.
We (followers of Jesus) must always remember that the Lord’s plan for reaching the lost world is for those that know Him as Savior to share this good news with others.
The declaration (declaring) the gospel rest with each and every generation. HOW ARE WE DOING?
HOW LONG HAS IT BEEN SINCE WE TOLD SOMEONE ABOUT JESUS?