Lesson 122—July 17, 2016
The Book of Isaiah—by Associate Pastor Chad Moore
Scripture: Isaiah 9:6-7 and 53:6-12
Lesson Goal: To get a glimpse into the book of Isaiah. To learn that there is penalty for sin, but God has provided a way for forgiveness.
The book of Isaiah has been called “The Book of Salvation.” Isaiah is the author. His name means “Jehovah’s salvation, “the salvation of the Lord,” or “the Lord is salvation.” Isaiah has also been called the Prince of Prophets. He was well thought of, educated, and privileged, yet remained a deeply spiritual man. He was committed to obedience as he continued his ministry as a prophet of God. He loved his country and his people. But he remained faithful to tell of God’s judgment, even when it was very unpopular.
Isaiah’s calling as a prophet was primarily to the nation of Judah (the southern kingdom) and to Jerusalem. He urged the people to repent from their sins and return to God. His prophetic ministry spanned the reign of four kings and covered at least 40 years. During this time, there was great political turmoil in Judah, and the nation of Israel was divided into two kingdoms.
As you could expect, salvation is the principal theme in the book of Isaiah. Other themes you will discover, as you study and read this Old Testament book, include judgment, holiness, punishment, captivity, the fall of a nation, comfort, hope and salvation through the coming Messiah.
The book of Isaiah is like a miniature Bible. Just like the first 39 books of the Old Testament are filled with judgment upon immoral and idolatrous men, the first 39 of Isaiah’s 66 chapters contain very strong messages of judgment against Judah and a call to repentance. The people of Judah had exhibited an outward form of godliness, but ultimately their hearts were filled with deceit and corruption. Isaiah, under the authority of God, warned them to come clean and purify themselves, but they ignored his message. Isaiah continued to give a very strong prophetic warning that the demise and captivity of Judah was to come. Even with his strong warning, Isaiah comforted the people of Judah with the hope that God promised to provide a Redeemer.
The last twenty-seven chapters show Isaiah’s message of God’s forgiveness. Just like the 27 books of the New Testament declare a message of hope, Isaiah tells that he serves a God of hope, as he reveals the plan of salvation through the coming Messiah. The Messiah is coming as the Savior to bear a cross and to wear a crown.
While this will not serve as an exhaustive commentary of the Book of Isaiah, I hope you can get a glimpse of the greatness of this book. I pray, as we continue this study, you will be encouraged that God loves you just like he loved the people of Judah. And because of that great love, God has provided the forgiveness for our sins through His Son, Jesus Christ. We are called to live a life that is consecrated unto the Lord.
God the Great Comforter has provided a Messiah.
Take a moment and reflect on the time when you were lost and God sent an “Isaiah” into your life to share that the judgment of God is real.
As you reflect upon your conversion, quickly share the comfort and peace that came into your life when you accepted Christ as your Savior.
Isaiah 9:6-7 reads:
For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace,
There will be no end,
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
Who is predicted in verses 6 & 7? Explain what these verses teach about His role.
Explain the significance of each name used for Him:
* Wonderful –
* Counselor –
* Mighty God –
* Everlasting Father –
* Prince of Peace –
“All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one, to his own way; And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.”
Why did He suffer?
Does God really love you enough to lay down the life of His Son for you?
“He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth.”
The Lamb of God
The imagery of Jesus as a lamb invokes the significance of the Old Testament sacrificial system. Jesus suffered and died to fulfill our sinful obligation. Jesus was “the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29) because He died in the place of you and me.
What is the end result of Christ’s death?
What does this personally mean to you?
God has sent His Son to provide forgiveness for our sins. May we
live each day in a manner that shows our thankfulness, humility, and genuineness for God’s sacrificial love. May we strive to live a life of holiness that is well pleasing to the King of Kings!