Lesson 206-January 26, 2020
Lesson: “Who is this Jesus? Part II”
Scripture: Matthew 16:16-20
Lesson Goal: To understand and know that Jesus is the Christ (Messiah).
Introduction: Please begin today’s lesson by reading Mark 4:35-41. What question was asked in verse 41?
Who asked the question in verse 41? What prompted the question in verse 41?
We ended last weeks lesson with another question. Please read Matthew 16:13-15. In verse 15 we find that question. What question was asked in verse 15? Who asked the question in verse 15? To whom was the question asked in verse 15? What prompted the question in verse 15?
How can we relate the question of Mark 4:41 to the question of Matthew 16:15?
(v16) Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Question: What have the disciples learned in the classroom with Jesus since the scene of Mark 4:13-15?
The people had their various thoughts and ideas about Jesus’ identity but Jesus wanted to know if the disciples were getting it. “But who do you say that I am? “ (verse 15). The word “you” (verse 15) is plural. This was a question that was directed to all the disciples, Jesus was asking the entire group of disciples.
Peter would be the one to speak up as often was the case (See Mark 9:5, 10:28, 11:21, and 14:37).
(v16b) “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
“You are the Christ” – Greek “su el o xristos” translated “You are the Messiah”, “Christ” is from the Greek, “Messiah” is based upon Hebrew-both mean, “the Anointed One.”
Peter was voicing on behalf of the disciples that Jesus you are the Messiah! There was much yet to be learned. There would be those moments of growing pains for the disciples but the truth taught and lived now becomes the truth learned. Jesus, You are the Messiah! The core and root of the gospel message is found in these words. Jesus, You are the Messiah. The anointed King and deliverer to Israel who would sit on David’s throne forever (See Psalm 2:2), “Son of the Living God”-This refers to the deity of Jesus.
(v17) Jesus answered and said to him, “Blesses are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.”
What the religious and highly trained elite (Pharisees, Scribes, Sadducees) could not get, a calloused hand, plain ordinary fisherman got! Warren Wiersbe explained it in this manner, “This confession was Peter’s
response to the revelation God the Father had given him. This revelation was not the results of Peter’s own investigation. It came as the gracious act of God.” John MacArthur states, “As the light of Jesus’ teaching and the significance of His miraculous power began to dawn on them, the Spirit opened their minds to see Him as the Messiah, the Son of the living God. As with the disciples, when people today confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior and Fellowship with Him through His Word, the Spirit opens their minds and hearts to more and more of His truth and power.”
(v18) “And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.”
Throughout the years this verse has been the source of dialogue and debate. For centuries some have taken this passage to teach that the church was founded upon the person of Peter who became the first pope and the papacy has since descended. Because of the Apostolic succession (belief) the pope is considered to be the supreme and authoritative representative of God on earth. This view holds that when the pope speaks in his official role (head of the church) that he speaks with divine authority equal to that of God in the Bible. To take this passage and base the foundational truths upon the person of Peter is biblically inaccurate and incorrect.
To help with out understanding of this passage let us look carefully and investigate the words the Holy Spirit led Matthew to use in this verse.
“Peter” is from the word “petros” the Greek word for “small stone.” A stone you could hold in the palm of your hand, an individual small stone.
“on this rock” – “rock” is “petra” that refers to Mountain peaks, Mountain cliffs.
Notice the word “my” “church.” Peter and the Apostles would certainly play a foundational role in the church but we must remember it is the Lord’s church. He is the rock, the chief Corner Stone. There are many meta-phors used in the New Testament to describe the church. Jesus is the “rock,” “foundation,” and “the corner-stone” (See I Corinthians 3: 10 and 11; I Corinthians 10:4; Ephesians 2:19 and 20).
Peter-”rock,” you will be used in a mighty way in the Kingdom of God. In Peter’s confession we find the truth of who Jesus is! It will be this truth found in the context of this verse that will be the message of the people of God proclaiming the gospel of Jesus Christ.
“church’- Greek “ekklesia” -called out ones, came to mean “assembly.” Matthew 16:18 is the first use of the word “ekklesia” in the New Testament.
“and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.” Death would not and could not vanquish the church. Death has no power over or power to hold God’s people captive.
Question: Could it be said (correctly) that in Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, He stormed the gates of Hades! (See Roman 8:2; Acts 2:24; and Romans 6:9)
John 14:19. Read, reflect, and mediate upon Jesus’ words.
(v19) And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.
“The keys of the kingdom may refer to Peter’s opening the kingdom to various groups of people (Jews in Acts 2:3; Samaritans in Acts 8:14-17; Gentiles in Acts 10).
(v20) Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ.
Jesus uses a strong admonition to sternly warn the disciples that they should tell no one at this time of this truth. The Good News of the Gospel at this time was an incomplete Gospel. The completed Gospel would include the suffering Messiah, the sacrifice of the Messiah, and the resurrection of the Messiah. There was still much to be learned by the disciples from the Master. In the words of John MacArthur, “It would be premature for the apostles to go into the world and preach the good news until after His death and resurrection (Matthew 28:19-20; Acts 1:8). To demonstrate that this was the primary motivation behind His warning, the Lord immediately began to discuss the events of His passion (Mark 8:31; Matthew 16:20-23; Luke 9:21-22).”